Fidson

Prednisolone Tablet

Prednisolone Tablet

PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER             (PDF DOWNLOAD)

PREDNISOLONE 5 TABLETS 

Prednisolone 5mg 

PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER 

Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start taking this medicine. 

  • Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again before, during or after use of this medicine. If you have any further questions, ask your health care provider. 
  • This medicine has been prescribed for you only. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm  them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours. 
  • If any of the side effects become serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this  leaflet, please inform your health care provider. 

In this leaflet: 

  1. What Prednisolone Tablet is and what it is used for 
  2. What you need to know before you use Prednisolone 
  3. How to use Prednisolone tablets 
  4. Possible side effects 
  5. How to store Prednisolone 
  6. Contents of the pack and other information 

 

  1. WHAT PREDNISOLONE TABLET IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR Prednisolone belongs to a group of medicines called steroids. Their full name is  corticosteroids. 

Corticosteroids occur naturally in the body and help to maintain health and well-being.  Boosting your body with extra corticosteroid (such as Prednisolone) is an effective way to  treat various illnesses involving inflammation in the body. Prednisolone reduces the  inflammation, which could otherwise go on making your condition worse. You must take this  medicine regularly to get maximum benefit from it. 

Prednisolone is used in a wide range of inflammatory and auto-immune conditions including: i. Severe allergic reactions (anaphylactic reactions) with the following symptoms: breathing difficulties 

  • drop in blood pressure, possibly leading to collapse which is potentially life threatening ii. Allergies (hypersensitivity): 
  • Asthma 

Reactions to drugs 

Serum sickness (an allergic reaction to the injection of antiserum containing antibodies  against a specific disease. Symptoms include hives, swelling, arthritis and fever) iii. Inflammation affecting the: 

  • blood vessels and heart. 
  • bowel or kidneys. 
  • muscles and joints, including rheumatoid arthritis. 
  • lungs, including asthma. 
  • eye or nervous system. 
  • Some cancers, including leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma. 
  • To boost steroid levels of cortisone when the body is not making enough natural steroid  on its own to maintain good health. 
  • High levels of calcium caused by: 
  • Sarcoidosis (a disease of unknown cause that leads to inflammation and can affect  various organs in the body). 
  • Vitamin D excess. 

vii. Some infections. 

viii. Some skin conditions. 

  • To prevent organ rejection after a transplant. 
  • Hyperpyrexia (an extremely high temperature that sometimes occurs in infectious  diseases especially in young children). 

 

  1. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU USE PREDNISOLONE TABLETS Do not take Prednisolone 

If you are allergic to prednisolone or any of the other ingredients of this medicine. An  allergic reaction may include a rash, itching, difficulty breathing or swelling of the face, lips,  throat, or tongue. 

  • If you have cold sores (herpes infection) that affect the eyes 
  • If you have ever suffered from a stomach ulcer 
  • If you have an untreated infection. While you are taking steroids, you are more likely to  develop illnesses due to infection. Also, any existing infections may become worse  resulting in septicaemia (blood poisoning). This is especially so during periods of stress.  Certain infections can be serious if not controlled. 

Check with your doctor first 

  • If you have ever had severe depression or manic-depression (bipolar disorder). This  includes having had depression before while taking steroid medicines like Prednisolone. If any of your close family has had these illnesses. 
  • If you have or ever had mental health problems such as a rapid change of mood or  emotional state (emotional instability) or psychoses, as Prednisolone may aggravate  them. 
  • If either of these applies to you, talk to a doctor before taking Prednisolone 

Warnings and precautions 

Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Prednisolone. Tell your doctor of any medical  problems you may have, or have previously had, especially 

  • if you suffer from, or you have ever been treated for tuberculosis (TB). if you have just had a vaccine or are planning to have a vaccination. 
  • if you have heart, kidney, or liver disease. 
  • if you have suffered congestive heart failure. 
  • if you have high blood pressure. 
  • if you suffer from or have a family history of diabetes. 
  • if you have osteoporosis (brittle bones). 
  • if you suffer from epilepsy (fits). 
  • if you have taken Prednisolone (or other steroids) before and had muscular problems (steroid myopathy).
  • if you are receiving treatment for a condition called myasthenia gravis (a rare muscle  weakness disorder). 
  • if you have ever had blood clots (for example, deep vein thrombosis [DVT], or thromboembolism). 
  • if you have Cushing’s disease (a hormone disorder which can cause symptoms including  gaining weight very quickly, especially on the trunk and face, thinning of the skin and  sweating). 
  • if you suffer from hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland which can cause tiredness or weight gain). 
  • if you have or have been in contact with anyone who has chickenpox, shingles, or measles. 

Contact your doctor immediately for advice. It is also important that you contact your doctor: if you have glaucoma (painful eyes with blurred vision) or a family history of glaucoma. if you contract chickenpox, shingles, or measles within a 3-month period after stopping treatment. 

  • if you have Scleroderma (also known as systemic sclerosis, an autoimmune disorder)  because daily doses of 15mg or more may increase the risk of a serious complication called  scleroderma renal crisis. Signs of scleroderma renal crisis include increased blood pressure  and decreased urine production. The doctor may advise that you have your blood pressure  and urine regularly checked. 

Contact your doctor if you experience blurred vision or other visual disturbances. 

Elderly people 

If you are elderly your doctor will prescribe the lowest dose required since side effects can be  more serious in the elderly. 

Children and Adolescents 

Corticosteroids can slow down growth in infants, children and adolescents and this effect may  be irreversible. 

Steroid Treatment Card 

Patients taking steroids should be given a ‘STEROID TREATMENT CARD’ by their doctor. You should keep this card with you always and you should show it to any doctor, dentist, nurse,  midwife or anyone who is giving you treatment. 

Your doctor will prescribe you with the lowest effective dose for the minimum period in order tominimize the risk of developing side effects. 

Other medicines and Prednisolone 

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription. Some medicines may increase  the effects of Prednisolone and your doctor may wish to monitor you carefully if you are taking  these medicines (including some medicines for HIV: ritonavir, cobicistat). 

It is especially important for your doctor to know if you are already being treated with any of the  following medicines: 

  • Medicines to treat epilepsy (fits) such as carbamazepine, phenytoin, primidone and Phenobarbital. 
  • Antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections such as tuberculosis (eg. rifampicin). Medicines used to treat breast cancer (eg. aminoglutethimide which is a steroid inhibitor). Cytotoxic drugs (eg. methotrexate) which is used to treat cancer. 
  • Medicines for diabetes including insulin. 
  • Drugs used to lower blood pressure. 
  • Diuretics, which are used to increase the flow of urine such as furosemide. Acetazolamide, a drug used to treat glaucoma and epilepsy. 
  • Carbenoxolone, which is used to treat stomach ulcers. 
  • Anticoagulants – medicines used to thin the blood (eg. warfarin). 
  • Aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), used to control pain and inflammation, such as indomethacin. 
  • Oestrogens for example in the contraceptive pill or HRT. 
  • Some antibiotics (e.g. erythromycin and rifamycin). 
  • Antifungals such as ketoconazole and amphotericin, which are used to treat fungal infections. Antiviral drugs such as ritonavir and indinavir. 
  • Cardiac glycosides such as digoxin which is used to strengthen a weak heart. Drugs used to treat myasthenia gravis (a type of muscle weakness). 
  • Ciclosporin (used to control inflammation) to treat rheumatic disease, skin complaints or following an organ transplant 
  • Somatropin, which is a growth hormone. 
  • Drugs used to treat asthma such as salbutamol, formoterol, bambuterol, fenoterol, ritodrine, salmeterol and terbutaline. 
  • Mifepristone, used to induce labour or terminate pregnancy. 
  • Vaccinations: You must tell your doctor or nurse that you are taking a steroid before you are  given any vaccinations. Steroids affect your immune response, and you must not be given  any live vaccines. 
  • Theophylline which is used for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Rifabutin a medicine used to treat infections such as tuberculosis. 

Pregnancy and breast-feeding 

If you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant, you must tell your doctor before you start the treatment. If you are breast-feeding, you must tell your doctor before you start the treatment.  Your doctor will want to examine your baby during your time of treatment. Small amounts of  steroids are present in breast milk. 

Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine. 

Driving and using machines 

The effects of Prednisolone on the ability to drive and operate machinery has not been studied.  However, there is no evidence to suggest that Prednisolone is likely to affect your ability to drive or to operate machinery. 

Slow growth in babies, children and adolescents. 

Other possible side effects 

If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, contact  your doctor before taking this medicinal product. 

  1. HOW TO USE DEXAMETHASONE TABLETS 

Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or  pharmacist if you are not sure. The tablets should be swallowed with water. 

Adults 

The dose may vary from 5 – 60 mg daily depending on the condition being treated. In some  instances, the dose may only be taken every other day. Once your condition starts to get  better, your doctor may change your dosage to a lower one. Your doctor may also reduce  your dosage before stopping treatment completely. 

Children and Adolescents 

If this medicine is prescribed for a child, make sure the tablets are taken as stated on the  label. The use of steroids can slow down normal growth of children and adolescents. In order  to lessen this effect, the tablets are often taken in a single dose every other day. 

Mental problems while taking Prednisolone 

Mental health problems can happen while taking steroids like Prednisolone  These illnesses can be serious. 

  • Usually, they start within a few days or weeks of starting the medicine. They are more likely to happen at high doses. 
  • Most of these problems go away if the dose is lowered or the medicine is stopped.  However, if problems do happen, they might need treatment. 

Talk to a doctor if you (or someone taking this medicine), shows any signs of mental  problems. This is particularly important if you are depressed or might be thinking about  suicide. In a few cases, mental problems have happened when doses are being lowered or  stopped. 

Route of administration 

The score line is only there to help you to break the tablet if you have difficulty swallowing it  whole. 

If you take more Prednisolone than you should 

If you have taken too many tablets you should contact your nearest hospital casualty  department or your doctor immediately. 

If you forget to take Prednisolone 

If you forget to take a dose, take the next dose as soon as you remember, then go on as  before. Never take two doses at the same time. 

If you stop taking Prednisolone 

DO NOT suddenly stop taking your tablets unless advised by your doctor as you may  experience the following symptoms: fever, painful muscles and joints, inflammation of the  eyes and nasal passages, painful and itchy skin lumps and loss of weight. 

Withdrawal of treatment in the following patients should be gradual. If you have been taking corticosteroids for a long time 

  • If you have stopped taking a long-term dose of corticosteroids less than one year ago and  your doctor has recently prescribed you with a short course 
  • If you have been taking Prednisolone because your body can not produce enough  steroids 
  • If you have been taking more than 40 mg Prednisolone (or equivalent) daily If you have been taking doses repeatedly in the evening. 
  • If the dose is reduced too quickly, patients can suffer from suppression of the adrenal  gland, low blood pressure and even death. 
  • If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor. 
  1. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS 

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. Serious side effects: tell a doctor straight away 

Tell a doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms: Steroids including Prednisolone can cause serious mental health problems. These are  common in both adults and children. They can affect about 5 in every 100 people taking  medicines like 

Prednisolone. 

  • Feeling depressed, including thinking about suicide 
  • Feeling high (mania) or moods that go up and down 
  • Irritable, feeling anxious, having problems sleeping, difficulty in thinking or being confused  and losing your memory 
  • Feeling, seeing or hearing things which do not exist. Having strange and frightening thoughts, changing how you act or having feelings of being alone. 

If you notice any of these problems talk to a doctor straight away. 

  • Severe sudden allergic reaction with the following symptoms:
  • Rash
  • Itching
  • Difficulties in breathing or swallowing
  • Swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat
  • Inflammation of the pancreas (very severe abdominal pains) 
  • Prednisolone can irritate the stomach causing indigestion and even ulcers. Tell your  doctor immediately if you get indigestion or stomach pains, vomit blood or what looks like  coffee grounds, or pass black or mahogany-colored stools (faeces). Prednisolone can  
  • Stomach and Intestines – increased appetite which may result in weight gain, indigestion,  a feeling of being full or bloated, very sore throat and white areas inside your mouth (oral  thrush), abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea, stomach ulcers, or ulcer in your gullet  (oesophagus). 
  • Heart and blood vessels – high blood pressure, heart failure in patients who are at risk.
  • Central and Peripheral Nervous system – convulsions, dizziness, headache, increased intracranial pressure usually after treatment. 
  • Muscle or bones – muscle weakness or wasting, pain in back, hips, ribs, arms, shoulders or  legs. 
  • Osteoporosis (may be easier to fracture your bones or to tear your tendons), tendon rupture.
  • Kidney – water and salt retention, cramps and spasms due to potassium loss in your body.
  • Skin – reduced skin healing, thinning of the skin, bruising, stretch marks, patches of  reddening, itching, rash, hives and acne. Extra hair growth, increased sweating, may  suppress reactions to skin tests.
  • Hormones – filling or rounding out of the face, periods become irregular or stop altogether, unusual increase in hair growth on body or face. Growth in babies, children and adolescents  may be reduced. Weight gain, carbohydrate imbalance in diabetes, increased appetite,  diabetes, weight loss, loss of appetite, reduction in the level of protein and calcium in the  blood, absence or irregularity of menstrual periods. 
  • Prednisolone may suppress the production of natural corticosteroids in your body. This will depend on your dose, how often you are taking Prednisolone, when you are taking it and  how long you are taking Prednisolone. This is more likely to happen during times of stress,  such as trauma, surgery or illness. If you are on long term therapy and you experience any  of these events, your doctor may increase your dose of Prednisolone. 
  • Nervous disorders – euphoria (feeling high), feeling of dependency on treatment,  depression, sleeplessness, pressure on the nerve of the eye (sometimes in children after  stopping treatment) causing painful eyes, changes in vision or a bad headache, especially  behind your eyes, worsening of schizophrenia, worsening of epilepsy, spinning sensation  (vertigo), raised head pressure due to swelling of a nerve in the eye (papilloedema) in  children. 
  • Eyes – increased pressure in the eyeball (glaucoma), whitening or clouding of the lens  (cataracts), pressure on the nerve to the eye, thinning of the tissues in the eye (sclera or  cornea), worsening of viral or fungal infections of the eye.
  • Blurred vision: rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people). 
  • Scleroderma renal crisis in patients already suffering from scleroderma (an autoimmune  disorder). 
  • Signs of scleroderma renal crisis include increased blood pressure and decreased urine  production. 
  • Infections – lowered resistance to infections, such as cold, existing eye infections may  become worse or symptoms of a previous infection such as tuberculosis (TB) can reappear.  This is especially important regarding chickenpox or measles. 
  • General – increased number of white blood cells, blood clotting, allergy, thrombosis, nausea  and vomiting, tiredness, feeling poorly (malaise). 
  • Withdrawal symptoms – muscle or joint pain, conjunctivitis, fever, weight loss, runny nose  and painful, itchy skin lumps, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diabetes (hypoglycaemia),  feeling tired or sluggish, headache, skin peeling, low blood pressure. 

Reporting of side effects 

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist, or nurse. This includes any possible  side effects not listed in this leaflet.  

  1. HOW TO STORE PREDNISOLONE TABLET 
  • Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children. 
  • Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and blister after expiry. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month. 
  • Do not store above 30°C. Store in the original package in order to protect from moisture. Keep the blister in the outer package in order to protect from light. 
  • Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist  how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the  environment. 
  1. FURTHER INFORMATION  

What Prednisolone contains 

The active substance is prednisolone. Each tablet contains 5 mg prednisolone. 

What Prednisolone Tablet looks like and contents of the pack 

  • It is presented in pack sizes of 10 X 10 sachet, placed in a carton with insert. 

Applicant/Manufacturer 

Fidson Healthcare Plc, 

268, Ikorodu Road, Obanikoro, Lagos 

+234-(0)8077008888 

www.fidson.com 

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